Law & Principles

A Constitution Day compromise?

September 13, 2016

Trent England

What is the best way to protect the environment in Oklahoma? Is it through local partnerships, where landowners, local industries, and state or local government work together? Or should we surrender power to Washington, D.C., letting people who may have never set foot in Oklahoma tell us what to do?

This is the kind of practical question the Constitution is all about. This Saturday, Sept. 17, is the document’s 229th birthday.

Even the simplest children’s game must have a set of rules. As the games get more complicated, or the stakes go up, the rules become even more important. In the old West, a disagreement about the rules of a poker game might lead to a gunfight.

The Constitution provides the rules for our national politics and union of states. It answers basic questions. How much power should politicians have? How should that power be divided up? And then where should the different powers be located — what decisions do we want made in Washington, D.C., and what should we get to decide right here?

The short answer is that Washington, D.C., is supposed to take care of things where all Americans share basically the same interests, like national security, our system of money, and trade that crosses state or national boundaries. After the Civil War, the Constitution was amended to add federal power to protect citizens’ most basic rights.

Everything else is left to the states, either to regulate, to pass down to local governments, or to keep government out of altogether. This makes sense, especially where policy choices are mostly about priorities and tradeoffs. How much should we tax and what should go to roads versus police versus schools? People have different opinions; communities have different needs. Why force a top-down solution guaranteed to make a lot of people unhappy?

This structure of states also offers a path to political compromise. If Vermont wants government-run health care, why should Oklahomans care so long as it stays in Vermont. And if Oklahoma wants lower taxes and less regulation, why should Vermonters have a say in that?

When we push our policy choices up to the federal level, we create a lot more losers. More Americans wind up unhappy and even distrustful of government altogether. When we return power to the states, we allow for more diversity. We can let Vermont be itself so long as they let Oklahoma alone, and a lot more Americans get what they want.

The recent flap over the lesser prairie chicken is a good example. Faced with declining populations of the bird, local leaders in Oklahoma, Texas, Kansas and Colorado developed a conservation plan covering millions of acres of habitat and spending millions of dollars. It worked, and bird populations have been increasing for several years. Yet it took a lawsuit to stop Washington, D.C., from stepping in to take control anyway.

Read the rest over at The Enid News & Eagle.